How CYME CYMGRD v6 3 R3 Can Help You Optimize Your Substation Grounding Grid Performance and Safety
CYME CYMGRD v6 3 R3: A Powerful Tool for Substation Grounding Grid Design and Analysis
If you are an engineer involved in designing or reinforcing substation grounding grids, you know how complex and challenging this task can be. You need to ensure that your design meets the safety and performance requirements, while also being economical and feasible. You also need to comply with various standards and regulations that govern substation grounding practices.
CYME CYMGRD v6 3 R3
Fortunately, there is a software that can help you with this task: CYME CYMGRD v6 3 R3. This software is a substation grounding grid design and analysis program that can help you optimize your design of new grids or reinforce existing grids of any shape. It can also help you evaluate the safety of your design by checking the danger points for touch and step voltages. It can also suggest optimal grid dimensions, conductor sizes, and rod locations.
In this article, we will explain what CYME CYMGRD is, what are its features and benefits, and who can use it. We will also explain how it works, what are its advantages over other methods or tools, and how to get started with it. By the end of this article, you will have a clear idea of why CYME CYMGRD is a powerful tool for substation grounding grid design and analysis.
What is Substation Grounding and Why is it Important?
Substation grounding is the process of connecting the metallic parts of a substation to the earth by using conductors and rods. The purpose of substation grounding is to provide a low-resistance path for fault currents to flow to the earth, thereby limiting the voltage rise on the equipment and structures. Substation grounding also provides protection for personnel and equipment from electric shock hazards caused by touch or step voltages.
Touch voltage is the voltage difference between an energized object (such as a metal fence) and a person's feet on the ground. Step voltage is the voltage difference between two points on the ground at different distances from an energized object. Both touch and step voltages can cause electric shock injuries or even death if they exceed certain limits.
Therefore, substation grounding is important to ensure the safety of people working in or near substations, as well as to prevent damage to equipment How Does CYME CYMGRD Work?
CYME CYMGRD is a software that uses finite element analysis to model the substation grounding grid and calculate the relevant parameters. Finite element analysis is a numerical method that divides the domain of interest into small elements and solves the governing equations at each element. This method can handle complex geometries, non-uniform soil resistivity, and multiple layers of soil.
CYME CYMGRD has three main functions: finite element analysis of the ground grid, danger point evaluation and optimization, and graphical user interface and data entry. We will explain each of these functions in more detail below.
Finite Element Analysis of the Ground Grid
The first function of CYME CYMGRD is to perform finite element analysis of the ground grid. This function allows you to model the ground grid conductors and rods, and calculate the ground potential rise, touch and step voltages, and current distribution.
The ground potential rise (GPR) is the maximum voltage that the substation grounding system can attain with respect to a remote point on the earth during a fault. The GPR depends on the fault current magnitude, duration, and location, as well as the grid configuration and soil resistivity. The GPR affects the touch and step voltages, which are the main criteria for evaluating the safety of the design.
The touch and step voltages are calculated by using the IEEE 80-2013 standard, which provides formulas and tables for different scenarios. The touch and step voltages are compared with the allowable limits, which depend on the fault duration, body weight, footwear resistance, and surface layer resistance. The allowable limits are also given by the IEEE 80-2013 standard.
The current distribution is calculated by using Kirchhoff's laws, which state that the sum of currents entering a node is equal to the sum of currents leaving a node, and that the sum of voltage drops around a loop is equal to zero. The current distribution shows how much current flows through each conductor or rod in the grid, which affects the conductor sizing and rod spacing.
Danger Point Evaluation and Optimization
The second function of CYME CYMGRD is to evaluate the danger points and optimize the grid design. This function allows you to check if your design meets the safety requirements, and if not, how to improve it.
The danger points are the locations where the touch or step voltages are highest in the grid. These locations are usually near the corners, edges, or ends of conductors or rods. CYME CYMGRD identifies these points and displays them on a color-coded map. You can also view the values of touch or step voltages at any point on the grid by using a cursor.
If your design does not meet the safety requirements, you can use CYME CYMGRD to optimize it. The software can suggest optimal values for grid dimensions, conductor sizes, rod locations, or additional conductors or rods. You can also manually modify your design by using drag-and-drop or keyboard commands. You can compare different designs by using a comparison table or a graph.
Graphical User Interface and Data Entry
The third function of CYME CYMGRD is to provide a graphical user interface and data entry. This function allows you to enter your data, edit your grid, visualize your results, and generate your report.
CYME CYMGRD has a user-friendly graphical interface that guides you through each step of the design process. You can enter your data by using dialogs, menus, toolbars, or spreadsheets. You can also import your data from other sources, such as AutoCAD drawings or Excel files.
You can edit your grid by using graphical tools, such as zooming, panning, rotating, selecting, moving, copying, deleting, or adding elements. You can also use keyboard shortcuts or commands for faster editing. You can view your grid in different modes, such as wireframe, solid, or transparent.
You can visualize your results by using various options, such as color maps, contours, vectors, labels, or legends. You can also plot your results in different formats, such as graphs, tables, or histograms. You can export your results to other applications, such as Word, Excel, or PDF.
You can generate your report by using a built-in report generator that automatically creates a professional and comprehensive report of your design. You can customize your report by adding your logo, title, comments, or attachments. You can also print or save your report in different formats.
What are the Advantages of Using CYME CYMGRD?
Using CYME CYMGRD has many advantages over other methods or tools for substation grounding grid design and analysis. Some of these advantages are:
Accuracy: CYME CYMGRD uses finite element analysis, which is a proven and reliable method for solving complex problems involving non-linear and non-homogeneous media. Finite element analysis can handle any grid shape, size, or configuration, as well as any soil resistivity profile. It can also account for the effects of nearby structures, such as fences, pipes, or cables.
Efficiency: CYME CYMGRD can perform the calculations in a matter of seconds or minutes, depending on the complexity of the problem. It can also save you time and effort by providing automatic data entry, grid editing, result visualization, and report generation. It can also help you optimize your design by suggesting improvements or alternatives.
Flexibility: CYME CYMGRD can handle any type of substation grounding grid design or analysis problem, whether it is new or existing, simple or complex, small or large. It can also accommodate different scenarios, such as single or multiple faults, single or multiple layers of soil, single or multiple sources of current, etc.
Compatibility: CYME CYMGRD can work with other software products from the CYME suite, such as CYMDIST (distribution system analysis), CYMCAP (cable ampacity and thermal analysis), or CYMTCC (protective device coordination and arc flash analysis). It can also import or export data from other formats, such as AutoCAD drawings or Excel files.
Compliance: CYME CYMGRD follows the IEEE 80-2013 standard for substation grounding grid design and analysis. It also allows you to use other standards or criteria, such as IEC 60479-1 (effects of current on human beings and livestock), ANSI/IEEE C2 (National Electrical Safety Code), or CSA C22.3 No. 6 (principles and practices of electrical coordination).
How to Get Started with CYME CYMGRD?
If you are interested in using CYME CYMGRD for your substation grounding grid design and analysis projects, you have several options to get started:
Trial version: You can request a free trial version of CYME CYMGRD from the company's website: https://www.cyme.com/software/cymgrd/. The trial version allows you to use all the features and functions of the software for a limited period of time.
License: You can purchase a license of CYME CYMGRD from the company's website: https://www.cyme.com/software/cymgrd/purchase/. The license allows you to use the software indefinitely on one computer. You can choose between a standalone license or a network license.
Maintenance service: You can subscribe to a maintenance service of CYME CYMGRD from the company's website: https://www.cyme.com/software/cymgrd/maintenance/. The maintenance service allows you to receive technical support, software updates, and discounts on training courses.
In conclusion, CYME CYMGRD is a powerful tool for substation grounding grid design and analysis. It can help you optimize your design of new grids or reinforce existing grids of any shape. It can also help you evaluate the safety of your design by checking the danger points for touch and step voltages. It can also suggest optimal grid dimensions, conductor sizes, and rod locations.
CYME CYMGRD uses finite element analysis to model the ground grid conductors and rods, and calculate the ground potential rise, touch and step voltages, and current distribution. It also provides a user-friendly graphical interface for data entry, grid editing, result visualization, and report generation. It also follows the IEEE 80-2013 standard for substation grounding practices.
Using CYME CYMGRD has many advantages over other methods or tools, such as accuracy, efficiency, flexibility, compatibility, and compliance. It can handle any type of substation grounding problem, whether it is new or existing, simple or complex, small or large. It can also work with other software products from the CYME suite.
If you want to try CYME CYMGRD for yourself, you can request a free trial version, purchase a license, or subscribe to a maintenance service from the company's website. You can also contact the company for more information or support.
We hope that this article has given you a clear idea of what CYME CYMGRD is and how it can help you with your substation grounding grid design and analysis projects. We invite you to give it a try and see for yourself how powerful and easy to use it is.
Here are some answers to some common questions about CYME CYMGRD:
What are the system requirements for CYME CYMGRD?
CYME CYMGRD runs on Windows 7, 8, or 10 operating systems. It requires a minimum of 4 GB of RAM and 1 GB of disk space. It also requires an internet connection for activation and updates.
What are the input data required for CYME CYMGRD?
CYME CYMGRD requires the following input data: grid geometry (conductor lengths, widths, depths, and angles), grid materials (conductor resistances and rod lengths), soil resistivity (horizontal and vertical values for each layer), fault current (magnitude, duration, and location), and safety criteria (allowable touch and step voltages).
What are the output data provided by CYME CYMGRD?
CYME CYMGRD provides the following output data: ground potential rise (GPR), touch and step voltages (at danger points or any point on the grid), current distribution (through each conductor or rod), grid resistance (total or partial), soil potential coefficients (for each conductor or rod), and danger point map (color-coded map showing the locations and values of touch or step voltages).
How can I learn how to use CYME CYMGRD?
CYME CYMGRD comes with a user manual that explains how to use the software in detail. It also comes with a tutorial that guides you through a sample problem step by step. You can also access online help by pressing F1 on any dialog or window. You can also watch video tutorials on the company's website: https://www.cyme.com/software/cymgrd/tutorials/. You can also attend training courses offered by the company: https://www.cyme.com/software/cymgrd/training/.
How can I get technical support for CYME CYMGRD?
If you have any technical issues or questions about CYME CYMGRD, you can contact the technical support team by email: firstname.lastname@example.org, by phone: +1 450 461 3655, or by fax: +1 450 461 0966. You can also visit the support page on the company's website: https://www.cyme.com/software/cymgrd/support/.