Kniga Bania Skachat
In earlier times real men went to riding school to prance on gelded horses, headed off to the firing range to shoot at the ace of diamonds, to fencing halls to fight with swords, to the English Club to do battle at the card table, or, in extreme cases, to the ballet. Today real men go to the bania.
kniga bania skachat
In the spring of 1945, as the Red Army approached Berlin, the Soviet writer and war correspondent Aleksandr Trifonovich Tvardovskii contemplated how to commemorate in words the various ways that Soviet men had contributed to the Great Patriotic War. As he noted in his journal, controversy swirled around the question of whether men who had seen combat at the front would have a greater claim to sacrifice and honor than those who had remained behind the lines. At first Tvardovskii had a hard time figuring out a context for discussing the issue. He wanted to bring it up as part of his ongoing and extremely popular poem Vasilii Terkin: A Book about a Soldier. (2) But the poem's eponymous hero was an everyman, not prone to political statements. Terkin both reflected a Red Army soldier's life and helped servicemen and civilians alike make sense of the war. Tvardovskii struggled to find a way to address the question of relative sacrifice while maintaining the folk rhythms that gave the poem its wide appeal. Then he noted in his journal on 19 March, "This morning I was spurred on by last night's bania to remember all the various banias where I had cleaned myself in the war, and I suddenly decided to write a chapter [of the Terkin poem] 'In the Bania.'" The Russian steam bath was ideal for his purposes:
Tvardovskii, of course, was not the first writer to recognize the degree to which the bania--whether rural and traditional or urban and commercial--provided a useful setting for addressing questions of "who counted for what" in Russian culture. The bania had been a favorite setting for prerevolutionary Russian and foreign writers, artists, and poets. (4) The bania's place in early Soviet culture was more ambiguous. On the one hand, it was associated with elements of the prerevolutionary Russian past that were anathema to the Bolsheviks and that they hoped to expunge. Urban banias, in their more elaborate incarnations, had been social clubs catering to the decadence of elite society. (5) Peasant banias were ideologically no better--their connection with ancient customs, folklore, and magic earned the disdain of the Bolsheviks who... 041b061a72